Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure in Orthopedics and is performed to relieve pain and restore range of motion by replacing, remodeling the shoulder joint.
(Arthro means of a joint or relating to joints) and (Arthroplasty means reforming of a joint)
Total Shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) or Total Shoulder Replacement is a surgical procedure where the glenohumeral joint (all or part) is replaced by a prosthetic implant. The arthritic ball of the shoulder is replaced by a smooth metal ball that is fixed to the humerus or the arm bone by a stem. It is a procedure for treating severe pain and stiffness that results from various forms of arthritis or degenerative joint disease of the shoulder joint. Shoulder arthritis in its severity can be quite painful and can restrict the range of motion. The goal of shoulder replacement or shoulder arthroplasty include pain relief and restoring motion.
Although shoulder joint replacement is less common than knee or hip replacement, it is just as successful in relieving joint pain. If nonsurgical treatments like medications and activity changes are no longer helpful for relieving pain, you may want to consider shoulder joint replacement surgery. Joint replacement surgery is a safe and effective procedure to relieve pain and help you resume everyday activities.
In shoulder replacement surgery, the damaged parts of the shoulder are removed and replaced with artificial components, called a prosthesis. The treatment options are either replacement of just the head of the humerus bone (ball), or replacement of both the ball and the socket (glenoid).
Several conditions can cause shoulder pain and disability, and lead patients to consider shoulder joint replacement surgery.
There are several reasons why your doctor may recommend shoulder replacement surgery.
People who benefit from surgery often have:
Different procedures offered according to your condition
Many thousands of patients have experienced an improved quality of life after shoulder joint replacement surgery. They experience less pain, improved motion and strength, and better function.
Dr. Paul Paramel Antony is a Senior Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon and Head of the Department of Orthopedics and Joint Reconstruction at MAJ Hospital, Edapally, Ernakulam. His service is also available at Keyhole Clinic, Palarivattom. He did his M.B.B.S at Alleppey Medical College and his MS in Orthopedics from Christian Medical college,Ludhiana. He did his fellowships from reputed universities in Germany.